React vs React Native: Which One to Choose and Why?

iTechnolabs-React vs React Native Which One to Choose and Why

React and React Native have emerged as highly popular JavaScript-based technologies that have gained immense traction in the development community. These cutting-edge frameworks are extensively utilized for crafting robust and dynamic user interfaces (UIs) and web applications.

With their powerful features, such as component-based architecture and virtual DOM, React and React Native offer developers a wide range of tools and libraries to streamline the development process and create seamless user experiences. The extensive ecosystem surrounding these frameworks provides a plethora of options for handling state management, routing, and testing.

Whether it’s building a responsive website that adapts to different screen sizes or developing a cross-platform mobile application that runs smoothly on both iOS and Android devices, React and React Native have become the go-to choices for developers worldwide. Their versatility and efficiency have made them the cornerstone of modern web and mobile development, enabling developers to create highly performant and visually stunning applications.

In addition, the vibrant and active community around React and React Native ensures continuous support, regular updates, and a wealth of learning resources. This thriving ecosystem makes it easier for developers to stay up-to-date with the latest trends, share knowledge, and collaborate on projects.

Introduction: React vs React Native?

In this comprehensive and insightful article, we’ll delve deeper into the intriguing nuances that set React and React Native apart. By providing an in-depth analysis, we aim to equip you with the knowledge necessary to make an informed decision on which framework best suits your project’s requirements.

We’ll explore not only the differences between React and React Native but also their commonalities, advantages, and practical applications in great detail. By examining real-life examples and use cases, we’ll help you understand when to opt for React over React Native, or vice versa, ensuring you have a comprehensive understanding of these powerful tools for building cutting-edge applications.

Throughout this enriching read, we’ll provide invaluable insights and practical tips to empower you in your decision-making process. By the end of this article, you’ll have gained a deep understanding of the strengths and capabilities of React and React Native, enabling you to make informed choices that can drive the success of your projects.

What’s React Native?

React Native is an open-source mobile application development framework created by Facebook that leverages React’s powerful capabilities to build engaging and truly native mobile applications. By utilizing React Native, developers can harness the full potential of React while enjoying the benefits of building applications that feel and perform like native apps.

Unlike hybrid apps, which use web technologies like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript wrapped in a container to run on a device, React Native takes a different approach. It enables the development of cross-platform mobile applications using purely native components. This means that developers can create apps that seamlessly integrate with the device’s operating system, providing a smoother and more responsive user experience.

The fundamental principle behind React Native is “Learn once, write anywhere.” This approach allows developers to use the same codebase across multiple platforms, such as iOS and Android, while still delivering a native-like user experience. This saves time and effort, as developers can focus on building features instead of rewriting code for different platforms.

React Native’s architecture is based on reusable and self-contained components. These components are like building blocks that can be combined to create complex mobile UIs with ease. The modular nature of React Native makes it highly flexible and scalable, allowing developers to efficiently develop and maintain mobile applications.

Also Read: Top 10 React Native App Development Companies in USA

React Native vs ReactJS: How Do They Work?

Both React Native and ReactJS share the same core concepts, such as using a virtual DOM for efficient rendering and composing components with JSX. However, there are some key differences between the two that developers should keep in mind when deciding which one to use.

One of the main differences is that ReactJS is used for building web applications, while React Native is specifically designed for mobile app development. This means that React Native has access to device-specific features and APIs, such as camera, GPS, and push notifications, while ReactJS does not.

Virtual DOM for ReactJs vs React Native

ReactJS, a popular JavaScript library, utilizes a virtual DOM, an in-memory representation of the actual DOM, to efficiently manage rendering. This innovative approach enables ReactJS to optimize updates to the user interface (UI), resulting in faster and more efficient performance compared to traditional methods that directly modify the real DOM.

On the other hand, React Native, a framework built on ReactJS, follows a similar concept with some notable distinctions. It employs two separate virtual DOMs, one tailored for iOS and another for Android, which are then transformed into native components. This exceptional design allows React Native to achieve exceptional native-like performance on both platforms, delivering top-notch user experiences without compromising the advantages of a virtual DOM.

Native APIs for React Native vs ReactJS

Another significant difference between the two is their approach to accessing device-specific features and APIs. As mentioned earlier, React Native has access to device-specific APIs, allowing developers to build mobile apps with a native look and feel.

ReactJS, on the other hand, is limited to web-based APIs, making it unsuitable for building truly native mobile apps. While there are ways to bridge this gap, such as using Cordova or Electron, it can add additional layers and complexity to the development process. Thus, React Native is a preferred choice for developers who want to build cross-platform mobile apps with access to native APIs.

Difference Between React and React Native

To summarize the differences between React Native and ReactJS, React is a JavaScript library used for building user interfaces for the web, specifically Single-Page Applications (SPAs). On the other hand, React Native is a framework built on top of ReactJS that allows developers to build native mobile apps using JavaScript.

Both have their advantages depending on the project’s requirements. If you are looking to build a fast, responsive, and performant web application, ReactJS is an excellent choice. However, if you want to develop a native mobile app with access to device-specific features and APIs, React Native is the better option.

1) Installation Process

The installation process for ReactJS and React Native differs slightly, accommodating the unique requirements of each framework. When setting up ReactJS, developers can conveniently utilize npm, the widely-used JavaScript package manager, to effortlessly install all the essential dependencies. This streamlined approach enables a straightforward configuration process, ensuring a smooth start to ReactJS development.

On the other hand, setting up React Native involves additional steps to establish the development environment and ensure seamless cross-platform compatibility. Developers working on React Native projects will need to install Android Studio for Android development and Xcode for iOS development. These tools provide the necessary emulators and simulators to test and debug React Native applications effectively.

By understanding these distinctions and having a clear grasp of the installation process for both ReactJS and React Native, developers can embark on their projects with confidence, armed with the knowledge needed to set up their development environment efficiently and kickstart their journey in React development.

2) Efficiency and Performance

When it comes to efficiency and performance, React Native holds a significant edge over ReactJS. The reason behind this is that React Native utilizes native components, which are specifically designed for mobile platforms like iOS and Android. These native components are highly optimized and provide a smoother and more responsive user experience compared to ReactJS, which uses web-based components.

One of the key advantages of React Native is its ability to handle complex animations and interactions seamlessly. By leveraging the power of native components, React Native can optimize the rendering process, resulting in faster and more efficient performance. This optimization allows React Native apps to deliver a delightful user experience that is unparalleled in terms of speed and responsiveness.

In addition, React Native’s native components provide access to the device’s native APIs, allowing developers to tap into a wide range of platform-specific features. This enables the creation of highly performant and feature-rich mobile applications.

3) Technology Base

One of the main differences between ReactJS and React Native is their technology base. ReactJS is built on JavaScript, HTML, and CSS, while React Native utilizes a combination of JavaScript and native platform languages such as Java for Android and Swift or Objective-C for iOS.

This difference in technology base has implications when it comes to cross-platform development. While both can be used to develop cross-platform applications, React Native has a clear advantage due to its ability to leverage native platform features and APIs. This means that React Native can provide a more seamless and integrated experience for users on both iOS and Android devices.

4) Feasibility and Scalability

When considering the choice between ReactJS and React Native, it is also important to assess the feasibility and scalability of each technology. Because ReactJS is built on web-based technologies, it can be easily integrated into existing web applications. This makes it a popular choice for companies with an established web presence.

On the other hand, React Native requires more specialized knowledge and skills, making it a less accessible option for some developers. However, React Native’s performance and capabilities make it a highly scalable technology that can handle complex and intensive applications.

5) Compatibility and Support

It is also important to consider compatibility and support when choosing between ReactJS and React Native. As mentioned earlier, ReactJS is built on web-based technologies, making it compatible with a wide range of browsers and devices. This allows for a larger reach and audience for applications developed with ReactJS.

In comparison, React Native’s compatibility is limited to iOS and Android devices. While this may seem like a disadvantage, React Native has strong support from its development community and continues to grow in popularity. Additionally, React Native’s compatibility with native features and APIs can provide a more robust and optimized user experience.

6) Syntax and Learning Curve

One of the main differences between ReactJS and React Native is their syntax. While both use a similar component-based structure, React Native uses JSX syntax, which combines HTML-like code within JavaScript. This can make it easier for developers with web development experience to transition to React Native.

However, for those without web development knowledge, learning the JSX syntax may require more time and effort. ReactJS, on the other hand, uses plain JavaScript syntax, which may be more familiar to traditional developers.

7) Components and Libraries

Both ReactJS and React Native offer a wide range of components and libraries that can be used to enhance the functionality and aesthetics of an application. However, React Native has a smaller selection of available components compared to ReactJS, which has a larger and more established community.

This means that for certain features or functionalities, developers may have to create their own custom solutions in React Native, while in ReactJS, there may already be a readily available component or library.

8) Navigation and Routing

Navigation and routing are crucial components in creating a seamless user experience for any application. React Native has built-in navigation capabilities, allowing developers to create navigation between screens within an app easily.

In contrast, ReactJS does not have built-in navigation features, but there are several third-party libraries available that can provide similar functionality.

9) Storage and Database

With the rise of cloud-based solutions, storage and database management have become important aspects in app development. ReactJS has a larger variety of options for storing data and integrating with databases, such as Redux or Firebase.

On the other hand, React Native is limited to using AsyncStorage for storing small amounts of data locally on a device. This may be sufficient for simple applications, but for more complex ones, developers may need to use additional libraries or implement custom solutions.

10) Search Engine-friendly

When it comes to search engine optimization (SEO), ReactJS has an advantage over React Native. ReactJS is rendered on the server side, which allows search engines to crawl and index its content. This makes it easier for web applications built with ReactJS to rank higher in search engine results.

React Native, on the other hand, is rendered on the client side and does not have the same level of SEO capabilities. Although there are workarounds and solutions to improve SEO for React Native apps, it require more effort and may not be as effective as with ReactJS.

Read More: A Complete Roadmap of React Native App Development

The Advantages: React Native vs React


1) Easy Learning Curve – React offers a relatively low learning curve, particularly for developers who already have a strong grasp of JavaScript. Its component-based architecture provides a clear and organized approach to coding, making it even more accessible.

2) Reusable Components – One of the key advantages of React is its ability to create reusable components that can be utilized across different sections of an application. This not only streamlines the development process but also reduces the amount of code required, resulting in improved efficiency.

3) Virtual DOM – React leverages the power of a virtual DOM, which enables efficient and rapid updates to the user interface. By only updating the necessary components, React ensures optimal performance and a seamless user experience. This innovative feature sets React apart and contributes to its overall effectiveness.

React Native:

1) Easy to Learn and Implement – React Native is an extension of React and therefore shares many similarities. Developers who are familiar with React can easily transition to React Native and start building applications without much difficulty.

2) Reusable Code – As with React, React Native also enables the creation of reusable components. This is particularly beneficial when developing applications for multiple platforms, as a single codebase can be used to create native apps for both iOS and Android.

3) Fewer Errors – React Native’s “live reload” feature allows developers to see changes in real-time, reducing the chances of errors and making testing and debugging easier. This speeds up the development process and ensures a high-quality end product.

The Drawbacks: React Js vs React Native

React JS:

1) JSX – React’s use of JSX, a combination of JavaScript and HTML, may require developers to learn a new syntax. This can be challenging for those who are not familiar with it and may hinder the development process.

2) Constant Library Updates – React’s constantly evolving library may require developers to frequently update their code, which can be time-consuming and potentially introduce bugs.

3) Third-party Integration – To add certain functionalities, React may require the use of third-party libraries or plugins. This can complicate the development process and make it more difficult to maintain the application in the long run.

React Native:

1) Shortage of Custom Modules – While React Native has a wide range of built-in components, it may be lacking in custom modules. This can limit the functionality and customization options for developers.

2) Frequent Updates – Similar to React JS, React Native also has frequent updates that may require developers to constantly update their code.

3) Load Time – React Native apps may have longer load times compared to native apps, as it requires a bridge to communicate with device-specific code. This can affect the user experience and performance of the application.

Should I Learn React or React Native?

If you are developing a web application that requires dynamic user interfaces, then React JS would be the better choice. On the other hand, if you want to develop a mobile application with a native look and feel, then React Native is the way to go. However, it’s worth noting that learning React can provide a solid foundation for learning React Native in the future if needed. Ultimately, it’s important to weigh the pros and cons of each framework and choose the one that best suits your project requirements.

Key features of react native framework

  • Cross-platform development: React Native allows developers to build mobile applications that can seamlessly run on both iOS and Android platforms. This not only saves valuable time and resources but also eliminates the need for writing separate code for each platform. With React Native, developers can create versatile and efficient apps that cater to a larger user base.
  • Reusable components: One of the key advantages of React Native is its component-based approach, which promotes reusability. Developers can create custom components that can be easily shared and reused across different screens and projects. This not only speeds up development times but also simplifies maintenance, as changes made to a single component automatically reflect throughout the entire application.
  • Live reload: React Native offers a unique feature called “Hot Reloading,” allowing developers to see real-time changes without the need to rebuild the entire application. This significantly boosts the development process, making it more efficient and productive. With live reload, developers can instantly preview and debug their changes, resulting in a smoother and more streamlined development experience.
  • Faster development times: Thanks to its component-based architecture and reusable components, React Native enables developers to create mobile applications at an accelerated pace compared to traditional methods. The ability to leverage pre-built components and libraries, combined with the simplicity and flexibility of React Native’s development environment, results in reduced development cycles and faster time-to-market.
  • Native look and feel: React Native utilizes native components to construct user interfaces, ensuring that the application not only functions flawlessly but also delivers a polished and professional appearance. By leveraging platform-specific UI elements, React Native apps provide users with a familiar and immersive experience, ultimately enhancing user satisfaction and engagement.

Determine the cost procedure of react native web application

There are a few factors that can affect the cost of developing a React Native web application. These include the complexity of the project, the size of the development team, and any additional features or integrations that may be required.

In general, using React Native for web development can result in cost savings compared to traditional methods such as native app development or cross-platform frameworks. This is because React Native allows for code sharing and faster development times, reducing the overall cost of development.

  • Project Complexity: The more complex your project is, the more time and resources it will require, directly impacting the overall cost. Complex applications may involve intricate user-interface design, sophisticated features, or advanced integrations.
  • Development Team Size: The size and composition of your development team also play a crucial role in the cost. Larger teams with diverse skill sets may command higher costs, but can potentially deliver the project faster and with greater expertise.
  • Additional Features and Integrations: Any additional features or third-party integrations you want to include in your application can also increase costs. These may range from simple plugins to complex custom-built functionalities.
  • Maintenance and Updates: Post-launch, your application will require regular maintenance and updates, which should also be factored into the overall cost. This includes bug fixes, performance improvements, and the addition of new features as per user feedback.
  • Code Reusability: One of the key advantages of React Native is the ability to reuse code across different platforms. This can significantly reduce development time and cost, as the same code can be used to deploy your application on multiple platforms.

Suggested: Cost to Develop a FinTech App? A Brief Overview

How can iTechnolabs help you to build React native web applications?

At iTechnolabs, we have a team of experienced developers who specialize in both React and React Native. We can help you determine which framework would be the best fit for your project based on your specific requirements and budget. Our expertise in developing cross-platform applications using React Native can also help you save time and resources while delivering a high-quality product.

  • Experienced Developers: At iTechnolabs, we take pride in our team of highly experienced and proficient developers who possess comprehensive knowledge of both React and React Native. With years of hands-on experience, they have successfully delivered numerous projects, honing their skills and expertise along the way. Their collective experience allows them to understand the intricacies of your project and guide it in the right direction with utmost precision and efficiency.
  • Diverse Portfolio: We have built a diverse portfolio of successful cross-platform applications that showcase our proficiency in using React Native. From e-commerce platforms to social networking apps, our portfolio highlights our ability to create high-quality applications that cater to various industries and domains. This breadth of experience ensures that we can handle projects of any complexity and deliver exceptional results.
  • Cost-Effective Solutions: Leveraging the advantage of code reusability in React Native, we provide cost-effective development solutions that can fit into your budget without compromising on the quality. Our skilled developers leverage the power of React Native to efficiently reuse code components, reducing development time and costs. This approach allows us to deliver top-notch applications while optimizing your investment.
  • Timely Delivery: We understand the importance of meeting project deadlines and value your time. Our team follows efficient processes and works diligently to ensure that your project is delivered within the stipulated timelines. Our commitment to timely delivery is backed by our competent team, who are skilled in project management and strive to keep your application development on track. With us, you can be confident that your application will be ready for launch as per the agreed schedule.
  • Continual Support: At iTechnolabs, our services extend beyond development. We believe in establishing long-term relationships with our clients and providing continual support for maintenance and updates. Our dedicated support team is always available to address any issues that may arise post-launch, ensuring that your application remains updated and bug-free. With us, you can have peace of mind knowing that we will stand by you even after the project delivery.
  • Customized Solutions: We understand that each project is unique and requires personalized attention. That’s why we offer customized solutions tailored to your specific needs and requirements. Our team takes the time to understand your vision, objectives, and business goals, ensuring that the final product aligns perfectly with your expectations. We work closely with you throughout the development process, incorporating your feedback and suggestions to create a truly bespoke application that reflects your brand identity and resonates with your target audience.

Are you looking for a mobile application development company?

iTechnolabs-Are you looking for a mobile application development company

At iTechnolabs, we harness the power of both React and React Native to create robust, dynamic, and user-friendly web applications. Our team of developers has a deep understanding of these technologies and their nuances, enabling us to choose the most appropriate framework for your specific project. Whether it’s a responsive web application using React or a native mobile application using React Native, we have the expertise and capability to deliver excellent results.

  • Optimized Performance: Leveraging the advantages of React and React Native, we build applications that offer superior performance. By harnessing the power of these technologies, we are able to create web and mobile applications that not only load quickly, but also run smoothly, providing an exceptional user experience. Our meticulous commitment to performance optimization ensures that your application not only looks great, but also functions effectively, leaving a lasting impression on your users.
  • Code Reusability and Quick Deployment: One of the major benefits of using React and React Native is the reusability of code. This remarkable feature allows us to significantly reduce development time, which in turn translates into quicker deployment of your application. With iTechnolabs, you can be confident that your React or React Native application will be market-ready in a shorter span, giving you a competitive edge over others. Our team of experts will ensure that your application is built with efficiency and precision, saving you valuable time and resources.
  • Scalable Solutions: At iTechnolabs, we understand that as your business grows, your application needs to grow with it. That’s why our React and React Native applications are built with scalability in mind. We carefully craft the architecture and design of the application to handle increased loads and users, providing you with a robust and scalable solution. Whether you’re experiencing rapid growth or planning for future expansion, our applications can seamlessly adapt to your evolving business needs, ensuring that you’re always one step ahead of the competition.

Important: React Native vs Native App: A Comprehensive Comparison


In conclusion, both React and React Native offer a wide range of benefits for building web and mobile applications. With their efficient code reusability, quick deployment, and scalability, they provide an ideal solution for businesses looking to develop high-quality applications in a cost-effective manner. However, the decision between choosing React or React Native ultimately depends on your project requirements and goals.

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